Arthritis and Arthroplasty
Burden of Disease
Osteoarthritis (OA) accounts for half of all chronic conditions in people aged over 65.Some 25 % of people over 60 have significant pain and disability from osteoarthritis.Osteoarthritis causes pain, deformity, and stiffness as protective cartilage within the joint is damaged, leaving sensitive bone exposed.Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability worldwide. The incidence of OA increases with age, and affects more women.The economic consequences of osteoarthritis are enormous.
Directions for Future Research
Investigate the steps in the development of arthritis to identify ways to prevent and treat it.Investigate whether arthritis can be prevented by looking at risk factors, the link between obesity and arthritis, the benefits of physical therapy and other areas.Explore technology in improving the treatment of arthritis and to improve how long artificial joints last.
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